Blood pressure is a measurement of the pressure in your arteries during the active and resting phases of each heartbeat. High blood pressure is known as the “silent killer,” because it is associated with few acute symptoms. Hypotension (hypo=low + tension=pressure) and it may be normal for a patient if it is without symptoms, but can be of great importance if it is associated with abnormal body function.
Here’s what the numbers mean:
Systolic pressure. The first (top) number in a blood pressure reading, this is the amount of pressure your heart generates when pumping blood through your arteries to the rest of your body.
Diastolic pressure. The second (bottom) number in a blood pressure reading, this refers to the amount of pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest between beats.
The majority of all people with high blood pressure are “salt sensitive. Other factors that can raise the risk of having essential hypertension include obesity; diabetes; stress; insufficient intake of potassium, calcium, and magnesium; lack of physical activity; and chronic alcohol consumption.
A blood pressure matrix:
Normal: Less than 120 over 80 (120/80)
Prehypertension: 120-139 over 80-89
Stage 1 high blood pressure: 140-159 over 90-99
Stage 2 high blood pressure: 160 and above over 100 and above
High blood pressure in people over age 60: 150 and above over 90 and above
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several factors and conditions may play a role in its development, including:
- Smoking, Stress, old age
- Being overweight or obese, kidney disease
- Lack of physical activity
- Too much salt in the diet
- Adrenal and thyroid disorders
- Endocrine problems and Dehydration
Some medical conditions can cause low blood pressure. These include: Hypoglycemia, Pregnancy and heart conditions that can lead to low blood pressure, low heart rate (bradycardia), heart valve problems, and heart attack.
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- May helps manage high and low blood pressure
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- May help blood pressure spikes
- May help manage hypertension
- May help manage inflammation
- May help fatigue